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                        宏源棋牌 > 技术园地 > 文件系统 > 正文

                        UFS文件系统简介及Unix系统(Solaris,FreeBSD)的文件系统创建步骤

                        2013-07-05 17:37来源:中国存储网
                        导读:UFS文件系统简介及Unix系统(Solaris,FreeBSD)的文件系统创建步骤,UFS 是 Solaris OS 中缺省的基于磁盘的文件系统,以前,UFS文件系统在64位系统和32位系统上的大小仅限于约1 TB(Tbyte)。现在,所有UFS文件系统命令和公用程序已更新为支持多TB UFS文件系统

                        UFS SHI Solaris OS ZHONGQUESHENGDEJIYUCIPANDEWENJIANXITONG。GUANLIJIYUCIPANDEWENJIANXITONGSHI,DADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIAGUANLIDESHI UFS WENJIANXITONG。UFS KETIGONGYIXIAGONGNENG。

                        UFS GONGNENG

                        SHUOMING

                        宏源棋牌 KUOZHANDEJIBENLEIXING (extended fundamental type, EFT)

                        宏源棋牌 TIGONG 32 WEIYONGHU ID (user ID, UID)、ZU ID (group ID, GID) HESHEBEIBIANHAO。

                        DAWENJIANXITONG

                        宏源棋牌 ZAIZUIDADAXIAOKEYIWEI 16 TB DEWENJIANXITONGZHONG,YUNXUDAXIAOYUEWEI 1 TB DEWENJIAN。KEYIZAIJUYOU EFI CIPANBIAOHAODECIPANSHANGCHUANGJIANDUO TB UFS WENJIANXITONG。

                        RIZHIJILU

                        宏源棋牌 UFS RIZHIJILUHUIJIANGZUCHENGYIGEWANZHENG UFS CAOZUODEDUOGEYUANSHUJUGENGGAIDABAOCHENGYIGESHIWU。SHIWUJIJILUZAIPANSHANGRIZHIZHONG,RANHOUHUIYINGYONGYUSHIJI UFS WENJIANXITONGDEYUANSHUJU。

                        DUO TB WENJIANXITONG

                        TONGGUODUO TB WENJIANXITONG,KEYICHUANGJIANZUIDAKEYONGKONGJIANYUEWEI 16 TB DE UFS WENJIANXITONG,QIZHONGHUIJIANQUYUE 1% DEKAIXIAO。

                        ZHUANGTAIBIAOZHI

                        宏源棋牌 XIANSHIWENJIANXITONGDEZHUANGTAI:clean、stable、active、logging HUO unknown。 ZHEIXIEBIAOZHIKEBIMIANBUBIYAODEWENJIANXITONGJIANCHA。 RUGUOWENJIANXITONGDEZHUANGTAIWEI“clean”、“stable” HUO “logging”,ZEBUYUNXINGWENJIANXITONGJIANCHA。

                        宏源棋牌 SolarisCAOZUOXITONGYIBANDOUHUISHIYONGYIXIAXILIEWENJIANXITONG。

                        1 UFSWENJIANXITONG: JIYUBSDKUAISUWENJIANXITONGDECHUANTONGUNIXWENJIANXITONGSHISolarisDEMORENWENJIANXITONG。MORENQIYONGUFS RIZHIJILUGONGNENG。ZAIZAOQIDESolaris BANBENZHONG,UFS RIZHIJILUGONGNENGZHINENGSHOUDONGQIYONG。 Solaris 10ZAIYUNXING64WEISolarisNEIHEDEXITONGSHANGZHICHIDUOTB UFSWENJIANXITONG。YIQIAN,UFSWENJIANXITONGZAI64WEIXITONGHE32WEIXITONGSHANGDEDAXIAOJINXIANYUYUE1 TB(Tbyte)。XIANZAI,SUOYOUUFSWENJIANXITONGMINGLINGHEGONGYONGCHENGXUYIGENGXINWEIZHICHIDUOTB UFSWENJIANXITONG。

                        宏源棋牌 2 HSFSWENJIANXITONG: YONGYUCD-ROMDEZHIDUWENJIANXITONG

                        3 PCFSWENJIANXITONG: PCWENJIANXITONG,KEYIDUXIEDOSXINGSHICIPANDESHUJU,RUFAT32

                        宏源棋牌 4 UDFWENJIANXITONG: DVDWENJIANXITONG

                        宏源棋牌Solaris 10DIANXINGDEWENJIANXITONGLEIXINGWEIUFSWENJIANXITONG,DANTAYEYUNXUZAI/etc/default/fsZHONGDINGYIQITAWENJIANLEIXING。ZAISolaris 10SHANG,UFSWENJIANXITONGZHULIUZAIYINGPANSHANG,ZHEIXIEYINGPANTONGSHIJUYOUYUANSHISHEBEIJIEKOUHEKUAISHEBEIJIEKOU,ZHEILIANGGEJIEKOUFENBIEWEIYU/dev/rdskMULUHE/dev/dskMULUZHONG。Solaris 10WENJIANXITONGSUOCHUANGJIANDEMEIYIGEFENQUDOUZAI/dev/dskHE/dev/rdskZHONGYOUQIZIJIDEDUIYINGXIANG。YIGEUFSWENJIANXITONGDEZUCHENGBAOKUORUXIAJIBUFEN。

                        YINDAOKUAI(boot block):ZAIWENJIANXITONGKEYINDAODEQINGKUANGXIA,YINDAOKUAIZHONGBAOHANYOUYINDAOSHUJU。

                        宏源棋牌 CHAOJIKUAI(super block):CHAOJIKUAIZHONGBAOHANYOUGUANiJIEDIANDEWEIZHI、WENJIANXITONGDAXIAO、KUAISHUMU,YIJIZHUANGTAIDENGXINXI。

                        iJIEDIAN(inode):CUNCHUWENJIANXITONGDEWENJIANXIJIEXINXI。

                        SHUJUKUAI(data block):SHIJICUNCHUDEWENJIAN。

                        宏源棋牌 SolarisCAOZUOXITONGXIAMEIGECHANGGUIWENJIANBIXUBAOHANYIGEWENJIANMINGHEYUZHIXIANGGUANLIANDEinode(XINXIJIEDIAN),inodeZHONGCUNCHUWENJIANDEXIANGGUANXINXI(RUWENJIANDESUOYOUZHE、QUANXIANHEDAXIAODENGXINXI),YIJIGAIWENJIANSUOGUANLIANDESHUJUKUAIDEZHIZHEN。YINCI,inodeSHULIANGDEDUOSHAOJUEDINGZHEYIGEUFSWENJIANXITONGSUOYUNXUCHUANGJIANDEWENJIANSHU。

                        YIGEUFSWENJIANXITONGZAIQICHUANGJIANSHI,SUOYUNXUZUIDADEindoeSHUJIUYIJINGGUDING,DANGGAIWENJIANXITONGZHONGYOUDALIANGDE(SHANGQIANWANSHENZHISHANGYIGE)XIAOWENJIANCUNZAISHI,YOUKENENGCHUXIANinodeSHULIANGBUGOUYONGDEQINGKUANG,YOUYUWENJIANXUYAOYONGinodeLAICUNCHUYUANSHUJU(MetaData),inodeSHULIANGCHAOCHUJIANGDAOZHIXINWENJIANWUFABEICHUANGJIAN,JINGUANCISHISHIJIDECUNCHUKONGJIANHAIYUANYUANBUDAOJIXIAN,SUOYIZAICHUANGJIANCILEIWENJIANXITONGDESHIHOUXUYAOKAOLVDAOZHEIYIDIAN。

                        UFS文件系统简介及Unix系统(Solaris,FreeBSD)的文件系统创建步骤

                        宏源棋牌 inodeSHUJISUANGONGSHI:

                        宏源棋牌 inode_number=WENJIANXITONGDAXIAO/nbpi

                        nbpi:The number of bytes per inode,MEIGEinodeSUOZHANYONGDEZIJIESHU,TASHIWENJIANXITONGinodeSHUDUOSHAODEJUEDINGYINSU.

                        ZAICHUANGJIANWENJIANXITONGSHI,RUGUOBUTEBIEZHIDING,SolarisJIANGGENJUWENJIANXITONGDEDAXIAOSHIYONGBUTONGDEnbpiZHILAIJUEDINGinodeDEMIDU,CANJIANXIABIAO.

                        宏源棋牌 WENJIANXITONGDAXIAO(GB) QUESHENGDEnbpiDAXIAO(byte)

                        宏源棋牌 ≤1 2048

                        1

                        2

                        3

                        ≥1024(JI1T) 1048576 (JI1M)

                        宏源棋牌 GENJUSHANGBIAO,ZAIMORENQINGKUANGXIA,DUIYUYIGE1GDEWENJIANXITONG(ZAISolaris 9XIA,QIKEYONGDEKONGJIANDAYUEWEI961M),DEDAOLILUNSHANGDEGAIWENJIANXITONGSUOYONGYOUDEinodeSHU:

                        宏源棋牌 1024 * 1024 / 2 ≌ 500000

                        ERDUIYUYIGE1TDEWENJIANXITONG,QIKEYONGDEinodeSHUJIANGBILVEXIAOYU1TDEWENJIAN(BIRU900G)XITONGRUIJIANHENDUO(YINWEInbpiZHIZENGDALEHAOJIBEI):

                        900*1024*1024/8 = 117964800

                        1024*1024*1024/1024 ≌ 1000000 (YIBAIWAN)

                        DUIYUYIGEYICHUANGJIANDEWENJIANXITONG,KEYITONGGUOXIALIEMINGLINGDEDAOGAIWENJIANXITONGDEKEYONGinodeSHU,CONGERDECHUZAIGAIWENJIANXITONGXIASUONENGCHUANGJIANDEZUIDAWENJIANSHU(BUKAOLVSHIJIDEWULIKONGJIANXIANZHI,LILUNZHIKENENGHUIYUSHIJIYOUXIEPIANCHA,DANKEYIZUOWEIYIGECANKAO):

                        宏源棋牌 # df -F ufs -oi

                        SHIYAN:

                        step1. ANQUESHENGFANGSHICHUANGJIANYIGE1GDAXIAODEUFSWENJIANXITONG(nbpi=2048),GUAJIEDAO/tmp/mntMULUXIA,SHIJIKEYONGDEKONGJIANWEI961M:

                        # df -h /tmp/mnt

                        宏源棋牌 Filesystem size used avail capacity Mounted on

                        /dev/vx/dsk/oradg/lv_simon

                        961M 1.0M 903M 1% /tmp/mnt

                        宏源棋牌 # mkfs -m /dev/vx/dsk/oradg/lv_simon

                        宏源棋牌 mkfs -F ufs

                        -o nsect=64,ntrack=32,bsize=8192,fragsize=1024,cgsize=32,free=6,rps=120,nbpi=2054,

                        opt=t,apc=0,gap=0,nrpos=8,maxcontig=128 /dev/vx/dsk/oradg/lv_simon 2097152

                        宏源棋牌 # df -oi /tmp/mnt

                        Filesystem iused ifree %iused Mounted on

                        /dev/vx/dsk/oradg/lv_simon

                        4 507900 0% /tmp/mnt

                        ZAIBUKAOLVSHIJIWULIKONGJIANXIANZHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,GAIWENJIANXITONGSUOYUNXUCHUANGJIANDEZUIDACHANGGUIWENJIANSHULILUNZHIWEI: 507900GE.

                        solaris 10 UFSWENJIANXITONGDEGONGNENG

                        KUOZHANDEJIBENLEIXING(EFT) :TIGONG32 WEIYONGHUID (user ID, UID)、ZUID (group ID, GID) HESHEBEIBIANHAO。

                        DAWENJIANXITONG:ZAIZUIDADAXIAOKEYIWEI16 TB DEWENJIANXITONGZHONG,YUNXUDAXIAOYUEWEI1TBDEWENJIAN。KEYIZAIJUYOUEFI CIPANBIAOHAODECIPANSHANGCHUANGJIANDUOTB UFS WENJIANXITONG。

                        RIZHIJILU :UFS RIZHIJILUHUIJIANGZUCHENGYIGEWANZHENGUFS CAOZUODEDUOGEYUANSHUJUGENGGAIDABAOCHENGYIGESHIWU。SHIWUJIJILUZAIPANSHANGRIZHIZHONG,RANHOUHUIYINGYONGYUSHIJIUFS WENJIANXITONGDEYUANSHUJU。

                        宏源棋牌 DUOTB WENJIANXITONGTONGGUODUOTB WENJIANXITONG,KEYICHUANGJIANZUIDAKEYONGKONGJIANYUEWEI16 TB DEUFSWENJIANXITONG,QIZHONGHUIJIANQUYUE1% DEKAIXIAO。

                        宏源棋牌 ZHUANGTAIBIAOZHIXIANSHIWENJIANXITONGDEZHUANGTAI:clean、stable、active、logging HUOunknown。ZHEIXIEBIAOZHIKEBIMIANBUBIYAODEWENJIANXITONGJIANCHA。RUGUOWENJIANXITONGDEZHUANGTAIWEI“clean”、“stable” HUO“logging”,ZEBUYUNXINGWENJIANXITONGJIANCHA。

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